Slips and falls on steps and stairs can present a great risk of a fatal injury in any facility. An analysis of slip-and-fall losses reported to CM Select revealed that more fatalities occur on interior steps than any other area in our policyholders’ facilities. The majority of these falls, 90 percent, occur while descending steps and stairs.
The Consumer Products Safety Commission also reports falls on steps and stairs account for more deaths than any other slip-and-fall category.
Physical layout plays a critical point in preventing slips and falls
Serious stair injuries can be prevented. Do not wait for a fall to put a plan in place. Inspect your steps and stairs today and take action to prevent a slip and fall by your employees, members and guests.
- All steps should have adequate height and tread widths. Steps with differing rise and pitch should be reconstructed to be identical throughout the whole stair.
- Always keep steps and stairs clear of obstacles. Cartons, boxes or other items should never be stored on steps and stairs.
- Maintain clean steps and stairs. Immediately clean snow, ice, water and any other spills that could cause slips and trips. Display caution wet floor signs when appropriate.
- Keep landings, stairs and steps well lit. Replace, repair or clean lights before luminous levels become too low. Installing light switches at the top and bottom of stairs eliminates the need to step in the dark. Poor lighting can obscure slip-and-trip hazards while excessively bright or incorrectly placed lights can cause glare, shadows or violent contrasts between step risers.
- Ensure handrails are sturdy, secure and extend to the bottom step. Where people are likely to be ascending and descending the stair at the same time, it is essential to have a handrail on both sides of the steps. Provide handrails at a usable level for children and adults.
- Accent steps with visible edges of contrasting color or brightness. Anti-slip coatings or nonslip safety treads should be fitted as close as possible to the leading edge of the tread. If carpet is used as a stair covering, it should be securely fitted and maintained to remain so. Worn or damaged carpet should be replaced immediately.
Philosophy is just as important to prevent a slip
- Put in place measures for traffic streaming and flow management that include ascending and descending stairs. Determine your high-traffic periods, typically before and after services. Ensure a staggered release of congregants onto heavily used traffic routes. This helps decrease the chances of feeling rushed and misjudging a step.
- Encourage users to always keep one hand free to be able to use the handrail.
- Deter tasks that obstruct a person’s view of the next step, such as carrying large items. Instead, carry smaller, lighter loads and make extra trips. Use a hand truck or hand cart for any large or heavy items.
For more information on how to prevent slips-and-falls, read our other blog post, “A clear path to slips-and falls prevention”.
The information contained in these materials is intended solely to provide general guidance on topics that may be of interest to you. While we have made reasonable efforts to present accurate and reliable information, Church Mutual Insurance Company, S.I. disclaims all liability for any errors or omissions, or for any actions you take or fail to take based on these materials. The information provided may not apply to your particular facts or circumstances; therefore, you should seek professional advice prior to relying on any information that may be found in these materials.